A Gold Rush can make an ordinary person a millionaire in just one moment. It can be defined as a time of passionate colonisation of labour into a region where there has been a detection of enormous amounts of gold. Gold rushes happened in’th century in Brazil, Australia, South Africa, Canada, and the United States.
Gold rushes are normally marked with the optimistic, and positive approach towards something that is free-for-all. This makes it feasible for any person to turn into utterly affluent instantaneously. The explanation mentioned earlier is what a gold rush was. Plenty of people connect gold rushes to the Californian gold rush, even though it is a reality that the Australian gold rush remains up till now as the wealthiest gold rush of the planet.
The Australian gold rushes began in’51 when Edward Hammond Hargraves went with his guide John Lister to Lewis Pond Creek. Here they filled and washed a few pans, and found that they contained gold. The news spread like wild fire, and over the next few days a number of other people from all occupations were seen to be digging as their life depended on it.
Hargraves did not acquire a great luck from gold. However, he named the Bathurst goldfield Ophir. Then a farmer James Tom said that it was he himself and not Hargraves who found the gold. However, the decision came against James. Hargraves was given the title of the Crown Land Commissioner of New South Wales.
The foremost discovery occurred in New South Wales, then in Clunes, Buninyong, Ballarat, and lastly Bendigo Creek. Soon after that gold was found in nearly all states of Australia. The earliest license of gold was given during’51 in Victoria. It was the time when a number of licenses were issued within the whole country.
The Victorian gold rush that happened following the Californian gold rush was the greatest amongst gold rushes of Australia. The gold rush had great importance, as it acted as a motive for fiscal and political growth in Melbourne, and Victoria. Before the end of year’51, nearly 250,000 ounces of gold had been discovered.
The Australian gold rushes gave way for the development of major parts of the city. Railways and telephone lines were constructed. The sudden gathering of people gave way to multi-culture, and racism. It also marked the beginning of the Eureka Stockade, and the end of penal transportation.
In’52, 370,000 migrants entered the country, and the economy received a welcome boost. Victoria alone contributed to almost one third of the total gold output of the world in the’50s. In two years, the population had increased from 77,000 to 540,000. A fun fact to note here is that the total number of immigrants was more than the total number of criminals of the past 70 years that had landed there. The total population increased three fold from’51 to’71, from 430,000 to 1.7million people.